Infectious Diseases

From Ministry of Health and Welfare, ROC 2018-03-27

Tuberculosis treatment

Tuberculosis care in Taiwan is partially covered by the NHI. Expenses not provided for under the system are subsidized by the CDC to ensure a strong disease prevention and treatment network. CDC funding fully or partially covers incubation period screenings for those who have come into contact with TB patients; TB patients without NHI coverage; second-line drugs for the treatment of multidrug-resistant TB; imported TB medications; quarantine treatment; TB screening in remote areas; and directly observed treatment, short-course—a WHO-recommended TB control strategy.

As a result of these subsidies, TB patients do not need to cover expenses for such measures as BCG vaccines, inpatient and outpatient services, case management and medication. In addition, to ensure safe and comprehensive treatment, social welfare mechanisms and local private sector organizations provide various forms of assistance to financially disadvantaged patients like meals and transportation.

HIV antiretroviral treatment

To ensure high-quality and accessible medical care for HIV patients, Taiwan has designated a large number of hospitals nationwide as treatment centers. HIV care initiatives provide patients with self-management programs, enabling them to take control of their day-to-day health and treatment. The government promotes the internationally recommended first-line therapy, comprising daily intake of a three-in-one combination drug, to help patients adhere to treatment plans. All health care expenses for HIV patients are covered under the NHI or other government funds.

In line with the U.N. World AIDS Day campaign My Health, My Right, Taiwan regularly launches public awareness initiatives about the disease so as to end stigmatization and help patients feel respected and accepted. At the same time, Taiwan strives to minimize HIV treatment loopholes and achieve the internationally shared goal of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths.

Insecticide-treated nets coverage for malaria prevention

On Dec. 4, 1965, the eradication of malaria in Taiwan was certified by the WHO. To safeguard this status, the CDC implements measures including border quarantine and tracking; surveillance and screening; and maintaining malaria laboratory diagnosis capabilities. In addition, antimalarial drugs are stocked at travel clinics for those planning to visit high-risk regions. On average, more than 11,000 antimalarial pills are distributed per year.