Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health
From Ministry of Health and Welfare, ROC 2018-03-27
Booklets are distributed to newlyweds at household registration offices nationwide to provide information on reproductive health services as well as advocate appropriate ages for childbearing.
Antenatal and delivery care
The NHI offers a range of prenatal and postnatal services to ensure a high-quality, supportive medical environment for expectant parents. Services fully covered under the program include 10 prenatal screenings, one obstetric ultrasound, one Group B streptococcus screening at 35-37 weeks as well as two consultation sessions on prenatal and postnatal care. Subsidies are also provided for prenatal genetic diagnostic tests. In 2016, expectant mothers underwent an average of 9.48 of the 10 prenatal screenings, while 98.7 percent and 97.7 percent took at least one of the screenings and at least four of the screenings, respectively. The same year, Taiwan’s maternal mortality rate was 11.6 deaths per 100,000 live births. When compared to the 2015 rates among Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries, Taiwan ranks sixth lowest.
Vaccination is a vital method of preventing illness and eradicating communicable diseases. For childhood immunization programs, Taiwan currently covers the BCG (Bacillus Calmette–Guerin), chickenpox, DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis), hepatitis A and B, inactivated polio, influenza, Japanese encephalitis, MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), PCV (pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) and pentavalent vaccines.
These are administered by some 373 health centers and over 1,600 contracted hospitals and clinics nationwide. Due to the widespread availability of related services, Taiwan’s vaccination rate is over 95 percent for common vaccines. The Centers for Disease Control under the Ministry of Health and Welfare is committed to maintaining high vaccination rates. Taiwan carefully monitors domestic and international development trends and strategies so as to consistently strengthen national immunization policy and introduce new vaccines as appropriate.
Health-seeking behavior for pneumonia
Pneumonia care for patients under 5 is a key indicator of treatment standards, as acute respiratory infections (ARI) are one of the leading causes of death for this age group worldwide. NHI premiums for children under 5 from middle and low-income households are fully subsidized by the government so as to lessen the financial burden on families as well as protect disadvantaged children. Another government program subsidizes inpatient and outpatient services for all children under 3 from all income backgrounds. Owing to these measures, all children under 5 diagnosed with ARI in Taiwan are able to receive appropriate medical care.